It is crucial to have a basic skincare routine that you can follow every day – no matter how busy you are or how many unexpected things are happening. You forgot to set your alarm, overslept and have only ten minutes to get ready? This basic routine only takes a few minutes and still gives your skin everything it needs to look fresh and healthy – while you eat your breakfast on the road.
3) Day Moisturizer with sunscreen
3) Night Moisturizer
A cleanser removes dirt, dead skin cells, oil, and make-up. Even if you don’t wear make-up over-night, you should not skip this step. It also washes away substances that can clog your pores. Cleansing prepares your skin for the following steps in your routine and increases the capacity to absorb.
Depending on your skin type, you can choose from different kinds of cleansers. Cream cleansers are recommended for dry skin, as they preserve the skin’s moisture content. For oily skin, foaming cleansers are more suitable as they also reduce blackheads and pimples.
Exfoliation immediately follows the cleansing step. The purpose of exfoliation is the removal of build-up skin. It smoothens the skin’s surface and evens the skin tone. It also helps to unclog pores. There are two different types of exfoliants, mechanical and chemical exfoliants.
Mechanical exfoliants contain solid particles. While scrubbing these particles over your skin you mechanically remove dead cells from the upper layer of your skin. As you can imagine, these kind of exfoliants are quite rough, they can cause red skin patches and can easily damage your skin.
Chemical exfoliants are left on the skin. They contain specific chemicals, such as glycolic, lactic and salicylic acid or also enzymes, that break the bonds between dead skin cells and thereby help to remove them.
AHA exfoliants are water soluble and work on the skin’s surface. You should use them if you have dry skin. BHA exfoliants are soluble in oil and work a bit deeper in the skin, inside the pores. They are recommended for oily skin.
Moisturizer with sunscreen
The moisturizer hydrates your skin, gives it a fresh look and makes it feel smooth and soft. Day moisturizers should be quickly absorbed and non-greasy so that you can apply your makeup afterwards. It is crucial that your moisturizer contains sunscreen, SPF 30 at least. Sunscreen protects your skin from UV light, which causes wrinkles and promotes aging. Even if you have no time at all in the morning, make sure not to skip this step, or you will damage your skin long-term.
The cleansing and exfoliation steps are the same as in the morning.
The skin regenerates and repairs itself overnight. A night cream is supposed to support this process. Night creams are richer and heavier than day creams and contain high concentrations of nourishing and anti-aging ingredients. Here are some recommended ingredients for your night cream:
Only night creams should contain retinol as it makes your skin light sensitive and prone to UV damage. Make sure never to apply retinol containing moisturizer during the day.
It is scientifically proven that retinol reduces wrinkles. It increases the production of collagen and stimulates the growth of blood vessels. Retinol also helps against acne.
Hyaluronic acid is a molecule that naturally occurs in our bodies and most of it in our skin. As we age, the amount of hyaluronic acid goes down. Hyaluronic acid’s fantastic ability is that it can bind and hold water for a long time. For this reason, you should always use hyaluronic acid in combination with a good moisturizer. It grabs all the moisture and plumps up your skin. This is how hyaluronic acid smooths out fine lines and wrinkles.
Vitamin C is an antioxidant and helps to protect your skin from sun damage. UV light leads to an increase of free radicals in the skin that damage your DNA. Vitamin C neutralizes the free radicals and thereby prevents damage. Vitamin C also stimulates the production of collagen and thereby improves the elasticity of your skin. Moreover, Vitamin C inhibits the production of melanin, the pigment that gives your skin a brown color. It thereby decreases pigmentation and can reduce age spots.
This basic routine gives you the peace of mind that you have done everything to satisfy your skin’s needs. It is clean, fully nourished and moisturized and appears plumped, soft and fresh.